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Symptoms & Prevention of Dengue Fever

The mosquito-borne viral disease Dengue has become one of the worst nightmares of the country. With the start of monsoon, the number of vector borne diseases like Dengue, Chikungunya and Malaria is likely to increase.
Dengue fever is a disease caused by mosquitoes infected by the dengue virus. It is a painful, disabling disease, with the severity of pain similar to that of bones breaking – hence it is also known as ‘Breakbone’ fever.
According to WHO, Dengue fever affects close to 400 million people worldwide each year, and about 2/3rd of these cases are from Asia alone. As the country struggles to offer relief to the large volume of patients, we at Metro heart Institute with Multispeciality in Faridabad, have decided to spread awareness about this dreaded disease, timely help in treatment & most importantly prevention of these ailments.

Dengue Fever spread from human-to-mosquito-to-human by the bite of a day-biting female Aedes mosquito carrying the dengue virus. There are four types of dengue virus. A person infected with a single type of dengue virus serotype out of the four, develops resistance to only that particular virus, so chances of getting dengue from a different strain is always there. It is the fastest spreading vector-borne viral disease in the world today.

Symptoms: The symptoms of Dengue Fever usually start from 4th day of getting the infection, and may last for up to 10 days. The major symptoms of dengue fever include sudden high fever (as high as 40 °C or 104 °F), chills, severe headache (usually behind the eyes), muscle ache and joint pain, nausea, vomiting, flushed skin and in some cases, a skin rash similar to measles.

Dengue fever symptoms may be mild initially and mistaken for a flu, cold or a viral infection.
In rare cases, dengue fever may develop into a more life threatening form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, which results in bleeding, decreased blood platelet count or thrombocytopenia, blood plasma leakage or the more fatal dengue shock syndrome, which causes dangerously low blood pressure and associated with high mortality.

Some of the complications caused by the disease include:
1. Severe dehydration
2. Continuous bleeding
3. Low platelet count
4. Blood Pressure may go dangerously low leading to shock
5. Enlargement of liver & spleen

There is no specific treatment available for DF. Only symptomatic care is available. Some dos and don’ts are:
• Relieve the pain and fever, use only paracetamol.
• Keep the baby well hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids – ORS, coconut water, fruit juices.
• Adequate bed rest.
• Consult a doctor and get the child admitted if not getting better.

• Do not use Aspirin or Ibuprofen for fever or body aches.
• Do not use antibiotics, unless prescribed by doctor.
• Do not use steroids, unless prescribed by doctor.
• Avoid using Blood Transfusion or Platelets unless indicated

Warning signs: If present, immediately consult a doctor.
• Red spots on skin
• Bleeding from nose or gums,
• Frequent vomiting or vomiting with blood
• Abdominal pain
• Pale, cold or clammy skin

How can dengue be prevented:
• Avoid outdoor activities at Dawn and Dusk.
• Apply mosquito repellent creams on exposed skin before the kids move out of the house.
• Wear protective clothing. Cover as much of your skin by wearing light coloured, loose, long sleeved shirts
and pants. Avoid dark colours as they attract mosquitos.
• Use bed nets for sleeping.Clothes and bed net can be sprayed with mosquito repellents.
• Use mosquito repellent coils or plug-in devices.
• Avoid mosquito breeding:
• Get rid of stagnant water in pots, tyres, empty containers.
• Cover all water storage tanks.
• Empty out water cooler tanks every week.
• Keep wet garbage covered. Empty out the dustbin daily.

Vaccine: As of now no vaccine has been approved for use in our country.

If you take proper precaution and remain alert for the symptoms, together we can fight Dengue.
You can consult our Pediatric department. For appointment visit www.metrohospitalfaridabad.com or Call – 9560160808, 9560180081
Metro Hospital, Faridabad

Metro Hospital